The majority of women-three out of every four, according to surveys-experience yeast infection at least once in their lifetime. Responsible for this condition is a microorganism, a fungus to be exact, called Candida.
Candida, or yeast, is not always harmful or disease-causing. In fact, most of the time, colonies of Candida exist in different parts of the human body innocuously enough, as do many other types of benign microorganisms that reside in the mouth, intestines, liver, stomach or on the surface of the skin.
They only begin to be a problem when the colonies of Candida become very large, exceeding their normal population size. When this happens, there begins to be an infection. Medical professionals call it candidiasis, the technical term for a yeast infection.
Candida albicansis the most common type of yeast. It is also called monilia, and the infection due to this particular species of Candida is at times called Candidiasis moniliasis. Regardless of what it is called, a yeast infection can be very uncomfortable, especially when it takes place in a sensitive area such as the vagina.
In vaginal candidiasis, there is itching, burning pain during urination, and vaginal discharge that is often odorless and cheese-like in appearance.
Other parts of the body that are susceptible to a this ailment are the mouth, esophagus and skin. The infection is worst when it hits the bloodstream and becomes systemic. This type of candida infection is rare, but it can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
Vaginal candidiasis, a much more common ailment, is generally easy to treat. Doctors often prescribe antifungal medicines, which effectively and quickly eliminate the infection. There are prescriptions as well as over-the-counter antifungals.
These may be taken orally, or applied on the skin. The most common topical antifungals are nystatin, clotrimazole and miconazole. Meanwhile, oral antifungals include fluconazole and amphotericin B.
For most women, the preferred Candida albicans cure is oral fluconazole. It is effective and easier to use than topical medicine which has to be applied a few times on the vagina. With oral fluconazole, a single dose is usually all it takes to treat the yeast infection.
Other than these, antifungal medicines may come in the form of troches or lozenges, as well as vaginal suppositories. These drugs often have the suffix “-azole,” as in miconazole, fluconazole, clotrimazole, butoconazole and tioconazole.
The different-sounding antifungal drug, nystatin, is often for oral thrush (yeast infection on the mouth) and skin infection. Meanwhile, amphotericin B is often reserved for more serious cases of systemic infections that affect the bloodstream.
There too are home remedies for yeast infections that at the very least, ease the unpleasant symptoms of itchiness and pain during urination. Very popular natural remedies include tea tree oil creams, vinegar douches, and vaginal suppositories that contain boric acid or garlic.
Many women swear by the effectiveness of these home remedies for vaginal candidiasis. Also believed to be very effective is lactobacillus, the bacteria found in many types of yogurt.
Drinking lactobacillus products or applying them on the vaginal area treats yeast infection and relieves the symptoms. Such is a simple, tried-and-tested Candida albicans cure.
Yeast infection prevention should be known and practiced by any woman no matter if she has previously got one. Why? It is painful and shameful to have this type of infection. In addition, once the yeast comes to you, it can come back again.
That is called “recurrent yeast infection” and no one wants that. The best way to stay away from the yeast is to know what to do to prevent it.
Here are some of the methods that you can employ into your life for yeast infection prevention. The tips include:
- Wear proper underwear : Try to avoid nylon underwear since it has bad ventilation. If you really like nylon, get the one with cotton crotch.
- Avoid wearing wet swimming suit for too long : The moist can help yeast population grow. The best way is to change it after you have done with your swimming.
- Avoid tight jeans or synthetic pants : They may look good but they might not be ideal to prevent yeast to grow in your body.
- Eat the right stuff : Junk food and sweets can also be the food for yeast and they can make yeast grows. You should have a lot of vegetables and drink sufficient amount of clean water. There are some of the products that you can eat to prevent yeast for example unsweetened yogurt.
- Do not douche : Douching may help killing germs in the vagina. It may help you feel cleaner and have less smell. However, Douching can damage the balance of bacterial environment in the vagina. Yeast can drastically grow if you douche too often.
- Have proper and hygienic habit : You will need to properly clean your genital area every time you go to the bath room. Wipe from back to front instead of doing it vice versa.
The six techniques can be used for yeast infection prevention. However, there are some other causes that you can not avoid if you want to lead a normal life including taking antibiotics, having too much stress, pregnancy, weak immune system, hormonal changes etc.
All these things sometimes can not be avoided and therefore the risk of the infection can not be totally eliminated.